Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal Cord Injury Lawyer

If you have suffered a spinal cord injury, you need the trained spinal cord injury lawyers at The Ammons Law Firm to help you recover fair compensation for your injuries. The spinal cord is one of the most delicate and intricate parts of the human body. Because the spinal cord contains the central nervous system, which is responsible for sending myriad signals to the brain regarding movement and bodily function, even relatively minor spinal cord damage can have devastating consequences.

Our Houston personal injury lawyers have extensive experience representing victims of spinal cord injuries and their families in personal injury litigation. If your spinal cord injury was caused by another person’s negligence, a defective product, or another factor outside of your control, you may be entitled to financial compensation for your damages.

Our spinal cord injury attorneys know the immense impact these injuries have – physically, emotionally, and financially. That’s why we fight for the maximum compensation our clients are owed. This approach has helped us obtain more than $1 billion for our clients, both in settlements and jury verdicts.

Let The Ammons Law Firm help you. Speak with our Houston spinal cord injury attorneys today for a free consultation by calling (281) 801-5617.

Compensation for Spinal Cord Injury Victims

Victims of spinal cord injuries will often suffer from some degree of paralysis, whether temporary or permanent, partial or complete. However, even those who are not paralyzed as a result of a spinal cord injury may require extensive medical treatment, ongoing care, and even lifelong rehabilitation for their injuries. They may not be able to return to work or obtain any form of gainful employment after their injuries. This puts a severe financial strain on both victims and their families.

At The Ammons Law Firm, we understand the unique challenges spinal cord injury victims face. Our Houston spinal cord injury lawyers fight to recover compensation for our clients’ financial, physical, and emotional losses, including:

  • Medical bills
  • Lost wages
  • Lost future earnings
  • Lost earning capacity
  • Pain and suffering
  • Emotional distress

In the event that an accident victim dies as a result of his or her spinal cord injury, our wrongful death lawyers can provide compassionate and dedicated representation to the victim’s surviving family members and loved ones.

Common Causes of Spinal Cord Injuries

According to statistics, there are about 11,000 new spinal cord injury cases reported each year. The National Spinal Cord Injury Database reports that, of the approximately 306,000 people in the U.S. with spinal cord injuries, over 42% sustained their injury in a motor vehicle accident, and nearly 27% sustained their injury as a result of a fall. Additionally, over 15% of reported spinal cord injuries occurred due to violence, and almost 8% were the result of sports-related accidents.

At The Ammons Law Firm, we have extensive experience pursuing compensation for victims who suffered spinal cord injuries in all types of preventable accidents. Some of the most common causes of SCI include:

  • Airbag defects
  • Auto defects
  • Truck accidents
  • Car accidents
  • Motorcycle accidents
  • Workplace accidents
  • Defective products

With over a century of combined legal experience, our spinal cord injury attorneys in Houston have what it takes to advocate for you. We know how to take on large insurance companies and their legal teams—and we know how to win, no matter the cause of your injury.

To discuss your case during a free initial consultation, call our Houston spinal cord injury lawyers at (281) 801-5617.

Types of Spinal Cord Injuries

There are many different types of spinal cord injury, each with distinct characteristics. Doctors determine the type of spinal cord injury through a combination of X-rays, CT Scans, MRI, and Myelography (X-ray after injection dye is used).

Depending on the injury, some patients can recover function, so SCI classifications are not necessarily permanent. The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA), in conjunction with leading medical experts, has refined the classification system that is used by most medical organizations. Below is a breakdown of the specific criteria used by ASIA and doctors.

Generally speaking, spinal cord injuries are divided into two categories: complete and incomplete.

  • Complete Spinal Cord Injuries: While any spinal cord injury can have catastrophic results, complete spinal cord injuries are particularly devastating. These occur when the spinal cord is damaged in a way that prevents the nerves below the injury point from communicating with the brain whatsoever and will often result in either paraplegia or quadriplegia/tetraplegia, depending on where the injury occurred. With time, some complete spinal cord injury victims may recover some motor functions.
  • Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries: Incomplete spinal cord injuries, on the other hand, typically result in partial loss of movement and function. While victims’ lives will certainly be altered by incomplete spinal cord injuries, they may still be able to retain certain functioning and, with proper treatment and rehabilitation, may make a full recovery. In these cases, doctors tend to examine whether patients have enough mobility to provide force against objects, or if patients can only lift their limbs against gravity.

Examples of incomplete spinal cord injuries include:

  • Anterior Cord Syndrome: Damage is towards the front of the spinal cord, which is commonly associated with loss of temperature and pain sensation below the location of the injury.
  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome: Damage is limited to one side of the spine, which causes loss of function on one side of the body and weakness and loss of function on the other side.
  • Central Cord Syndrome: Damage is located in the center of the spine, often resulting in loss of function in the upper body, and weakness in the lower regions.
  • Posterior Cord Syndrome: This rare type of SCI is characterized by difficulty in movement coordination, but the general function is retained.

To learn more about personal injury lawsuits, visit our personal injury resources and guide

Impairment Scale

The American Spinal Cord Injury Association further classifies SCI under the letters A-E.

  • A – Complete. No motor or sensory function.
  • B – Incomplete. Sensory but no motor function is available.
  • C – Incomplete. Motor function is preserved and more than half of key muscles have severely limited use.
  • D – Incomplete. Motor function is preserved and more than half of key muscles have basis functionality.
  • E – Normal. Sensory and motor functions are functioning normally.

Motor and Sensory Levels

Your spine consists of vertebrae intertwined with nerves that control different bodily functions. An alpha numerical system classifies the specific vertebrae and muscle function affected by the injury.

These are as follows:

  • C-1 to C-7 – Cervical Region
  • T-1 to T-12 – Thoracic Region
  • L-1 to L-5 – Lumbar Region
  • S-1 – Sacral Region

Keep in mind that an injury to one area of the spinal cord tends to affect the entire body from that point below. So injuries to the neck-level cervical vertebrae (C-1 to C-7) can be the most dangerous of all. Injuries to the C-4 may result in quadriplegia, or a loss of motor function in the legs and arms. Injuries to the higher up C-1 or C-2 could result in breathing difficulties.

Other Symptoms of Spinal Cord Damage

Paralysis is one of the most prominent and well-known effects of a spinal cord injury. However, spinal cord injury goes beyond loss of motor function. It can cause several other complications and problems in the human body.

Autonomic Dysreflexia (“Hyperreflexia”)

The spinal cord is the main conduit in which nerves use to pass information from the brain to various parts of the body. When a part of the body below the level of injury experiences pain, it is unable to communicate this to the brain. The blood vessels tighten reflexively, causing the blood pressure to rise. Left uncontrolled, Autonomic Dysreflexia can lead to stroke, seizure, or death.

Bowel & Bladder Complications

The nerves located sacral portion of the spine helps regulate bowel and bladder function. These nerves are located at the very base of the spine and affect most spinal cord injuries. Unless carefully regulated, this can result in flaccid bladder, where the bladder functions sluggishly, or spastic bladder, where the bladder constantly empties itself.

Hemorrhoids, constipation, rectal bleeding, and impaction can also affect a person with paralysis. Medication, a well balanced diet, and regular bowel routines are vital to maintaining a healthy system. In the most extreme cases, surgery may be required to regulate bowel and bladder problems.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

This condition refers to blood clots in critical veins and arteries. Patients with paralysis in the arms or legs are especially at risk for deep vein thrombosis. This blood clot is caused by immobility, low blood pressure, and trauma to skin tissue.

Warning signs of deep thrombosis include swollen limbs and veins, skin problems, and extreme discomfort. Treatment includes medication, special compression stockings, and surgery (in the most serious cases). Left unchecked, deep vein thrombosis greatly increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, and pulmonary embolism (blockage of the lung’s main artery).


Through inactivity and lack of regular exercise, the body’s bones grow weak. The bones lose vital calcium and phosphorus over time, making them unable to bear weight. Most people with paralysis from spinal cord injuries lose bone density and develop osteoporosis. While there is no way to reverse osteoporosis, medication and specially designed physical therapy can help stimulate bone movement, helping the patient maintain healthy bones.

Pressure Sores

These sores are the result of excessive pressure on the back and lower body. Patients with especially limiting forms of paralysis are unable to move. After a spinal cord injury, the pattern of blood supply also shifts. Without proper care, the skin loses its elasticity and muscle tone. The body grows unable to withstand pressure of sitting or lying.

Because the spinal cord injury disrupts the body sending a message to the brain to move, the condition may worsen. Skin may deaden, grow infected, and rupture, resulting in a pressure sore. This condition is combated by special pressure-reducing seats, medication, and physical therapy.

Respiratory Problems

Spinal cord injuries that are located in the cervical vertebrae (C-4 or higher) often result in respiratory complications. The nerve pairs located in these segments have additional control of respiratory function. They help regulate the neck muscles, abdominal muscles, diaphragm muscles, and the intercostals muscles. In severe cases, a ventilator may be required to help assist breathing. Additional complications include pneumonia, atelectasis (lung collapse), pulmonary embolism (blood clot in the lungs), diseases of pulmonary circulation, and sleep apnea.


This condition is common after a paralyzing spinal cord injury. The spinal cord is responsible for regulating automatic body functions, such as reflexes. After an SCI, the signal that results in a muscle reflex is blocked. The body, however, still is stimulated to contract. Without regulation from the brain, this contraction is often an exaggerated motion, called a spasm.

These spasms can occur without warning and are exacerbated by skin conditions and other bodily infections. Regular muscle stimulation through physical therapy, along with medications, can help lessen these spasms.

Sexual Function

A spinal cord injury can affect the sexual function of both men and, in smaller cases, women. While women generally have no fertility issues, they are equally susceptible to anxiety and depression. There are many support groups, medical specialists, and even prescription drugs that help counter the mental and physical roadblocks towards sex.

On a biological level, the brain sends a signal to the sexual organs indicating arousal. This signal is sent through the spinal cord. If damaged, this signal will not reach the lower extremities. In men, this may lead to erectile dysfunction. Men who want to father children often have no choice but to pursue fertility treatments.

Your initial consultation with The Ammons Law Firm is free. Call us at (281) 801-5617 to get started.

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